Bun implements the node:dns module.

import * as dns from "node:dns";

const addrs = await dns.promises.resolve4("bun.sh", { ttl: true });
// => [{ address: "", family: 4, ttl: 0 }, ...]

DNS caching in Bun

In Bun v1.1.9, we added support for DNS caching. This cache makes repeated connections to the same hosts faster.

At the time of writing, we cache up to 255 entries for a maximum of 30 seconds (each). If any connections to a host fail, we remove the entry from the cache. When multiple connections are made to the same host simultaneously, DNS lookups are deduplicated to avoid making multiple requests for the same host.

This cache is automatically used by;

  • bun install
  • fetch()
  • node:http (client)
  • Bun.connect
  • node:net
  • node:tls

When should I prefetch a DNS entry?

Web browsers expose <link rel="dns-prefetch"> to allow developers to prefetch DNS entries. This is useful when you know you'll need to connect to a host in the near future and want to avoid the initial DNS lookup.

In Bun, you can use the dns.prefetch API to achieve the same effect.

import {dns} from "bun";

dns.prefetch("my.database-host.com", 5432);

An example where you might want to use this is a database driver. When your application first starts up, you can prefetch the DNS entry for the database host so that by the time it finishes loading everything, the DNS query to resolve the database host may already be completed.


🚧 — This API is experimental and may change in the future.

To prefetch a DNS entry, you can use the dns.prefetch API. This API is useful when you know you'll need to connect to a host soon and want to avoid the initial DNS lookup.

dns.prefetch(hostname: string, port: number): void;

Here's an example:

import {dns} from "bun";

dns.prefetch("bun.sh", 443);
// ... sometime later ...
await fetch("https://bun.sh");


🚧 — This API is experimental and may change in the future.

To get the current cache stats, you can use the dns.getCacheStats API.

This API returns an object with the following properties:

  // Cache hits 
  cacheHitsCompleted: number;
  cacheHitsInflight: number;
  cacheMisses: number;
  // Number of items in the DNS cache
  size: number;

  // Number of times a connection failed
  errors: number;

  // Number of times a connection was requested at all (including cache hits and misses)
  totalCount: number;


import {dns} from "bun";

const stats = dns.getCacheStats();
// => { cacheHitsCompleted: 0, cacheHitsInflight: 0, cacheMisses: 0, size: 0, errors: 0, totalCount: 0 }

Configuring DNS cache TTL

Bun defaults to 30 seconds for the TTL of DNS cache entries. To change this, you can set the envionrment variable $BUN_CONFIG_DNS_TIME_TO_LIVE_SECONDS. For example, to set the TTL to 5 seconds:

BUN_CONFIG_DNS_TIME_TO_LIVE_SECONDS=5 bun run my-script.ts

Why is 30 seconds the default?

Unfortunately, the system API underneath (getaddrinfo) does not provide a way to get the TTL of a DNS entry. This means we have to pick a number arbitrarily. We chose 30 seconds because it's long enough to see the benefits of caching, and short enough to be unlikely to cause issues if a DNS entry changes. Amazon Web Services recommends 5 seconds for the Java Virtual Machine, however the JVM defaults to cache indefinitely.